Landes is a department in southwestern France. It is one of the original 83 departments that were created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.
Landes is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Gironde, Lot-et-Garonne, Gers, and Pyrénées-Atlantiques, as well as the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area stretching over more than 9000 km², Landes is, after Gironde, the second largest department of the metropolitan French territory.
It is well known for the Côte d’Argent beach which is Europe’s longest, and attracts many surfers to Mimizan and Hossegor each year.
Landes is known for its large pine forests which are the raw material for a timber and resin industries in the region. The forests were planted in the early nineteenth century to prevent erosion of the region’s sandy soil by the sea.
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|Visa requirements||Visa is not needed for EU citizens.|
|Area (km2)||9,243 km2|